Stage 3 programming will complete the MONAD Health Event Mode, based on the principles of Chronobiology.

Health Event Mode is set up at a basic level in the MONAD Stage 2 Prototype. You can already create a simple Chronobiological Health Journal which demonstrates your personal biorhythms in the context of planetary biorhythms, but some refinement is necessary and data entry is limited and cumbersome and not yet summarized in a useful format.

Health Event Mode will be more than just a passive device for recording events. It will also make healthy suggestions regarding the timing of health events and the content of health events. For instance, the timing (the placement and spacing of Suggested Event Wedges) for 3 meals per day will account for the seasonal impact of photoperiodism; the length of the daylight vs. night time. The suggested content of any particular meal is based on chronobiology principles and food groups and their recommended frequency.

Stage 3 programming will add the following features:

1) Show Personal Day.

The distinction between a “personal day” and a “planetary day” is at the heart of Health Event Mode. A planetary day is 24 hours long (the circadian rhythm) and starts and ends at midnight. In contrast, your personal day is not necessarily 24 hours long and starts and ends when you go to sleep. Only 24 hours worth of Event Wedges can ever be shown at any one time on the number dial. Where the two ends (Start & End) of the 24 hour period meet forms a Gap. In Regular Event Mode, the Event Wedge Gap is set at midnight, while in Health Event Mode the gap is set differently every day at the time you go to sleep.

When you wake up in the morning, once your Sleep Wedge is complete (Start & End times), MONAD automatically places a Personal Noon Marker (PNM) directly opposite (180º) the midpoint of current day’s Sleep Wedge. When you go to sleep, the PNM is adjusted and moved to the midpoint of your past daylight period. The effort to align your personal day and personal noon with the planetary day and planetary noon is at the heart of chronobiology.

2) Add Subcategory Buttons.

It is important to reduce as much as possible the Data Entry Burden that causes most Health apps to be abandoned by their Users. One specific goal is to reduce the need to use the typewriter as much as possible, and instead select from lists. Include the ability to add new items to the list, using the typewriter. The User either has to enter data manually or some data can be entered automatically if gathered by the iWatch or the iPhone, which record Steps and other physiological data (sleep stages, etc.) which can be sampled and used by MONAD.

The first step in reducing this data entry burden is we’re going to add Subcategory buttons in Health Mode, accessible by holding one of the 4 Health Category buttons: [Sleep], [Eat], [Move], [Think]. For instance, if you hold the [Eat] button, this would drop-up a subcategory list including: [Breakfast], [Lunch], [Dinner], [Snack], [Drink], [Drug]. Select one of the Subcategories and this would bring up an Event Page customized for speedy and specialized data entry. If for instance you selected the subcategory [Water], the Event Page asks you to select “Type?:” (pure, tea, coffee, soda, etc.) and “Quantity:” Let’s consider each of the 4 main Health Categories:


Subcategories: [Sleep], [Nap], [Groom], [Hygiene]

Event Page.
Subcategory: [Sleep] & [Nap].
Start. End.
[People] – Select from contacts.
[Place] – Select from sites (home, hotel, girlfriend’s, etc).
Quality – start, middle, end of sleep.

Determines chronotype: Night owl vs. Morning lark. (Chronotype can be defined as the average location of the PNM: +/- Hours & minutes on either side of noon, where 1º = 4 minutes.

For iWatch wearers using sleep apps, we will want to link to 3rd party apps and summarize relevant data. Include integration of Apple Clock app with “Bedtime Feature.” Can notify or indicate recommended time to sleep and also set time to wake up, automatically ending Sleep time. Usefully integrate the Beddit 3.5 Sleep Monitor, which monitors actual sleep time vs. time in bed, also heart rate, breathing, snoring, and bedroom temperature and humidity. This would add detail to the Sleep Wedge, using either color variations of green, or variation in height of Sleep Wedge to indicated different stages of sleep.

Jetlag (crossing time zones) and shift work/night work would be considered here. Results in a confusion of the body’s natural circadian rhythms. Jetlag recommendations: When traveling east, take a few days to go to bed an hour or two earlier. When traveling west, go to sleep a few hours later than usual. These could be recommended after any displacement of the Hour Hand due to travel across time zones, placing a Suggested (translucent) Sleep Event Wedge at an appropriate time on the dial.

[Groom] & [Hygiene] would have similar Event Pages. Tap [ $ ] button if services paid for.

Hair. Nails. Skin. Teeth: brush, floss. Shower. Shave. Enema. Etc.


Subcategories: [Breakfast], [Lunch], [Dinner], [Snack], [Drink], [Drug].

Event Page.
Subcategory: [Breakfast], [Lunch], [Dinner] or [Snack]
Start. End.
[People] – Select from contacts.
[Place] – Select from restaurants.
[Description] – Select item from menu. Or, create new menu item.
[ $ ] – Pay for meal.
[Photo] – Take picture of meal. (Can be used to derive content of meal with appropriate app integration.)

If [Description] is “New,” then go through description process:
Choose content:
1) Starch. Bread, cereal, rice, pasta (grains), potatoes. 6 – 11 servings.
2) Vegetables. 3 – 5 servings.
3) Fruit. 2 – 4 servings.
4) Protein. Meat, poultry, fish, beans, eggs, nuts. 2 – 3 servings.
5) Dairy. Milk, yogurt, cheese. 2 – 3 servings.
6) Fat. Oils, sweets. 1 serving.
Summary of servings.

Chronodiet: MONAD will assess your food choices based on the best times to eat certain food. Your body processes sugar, fat and protein differently at different times of day. You should primarily eat carbohydrates in the morning, a well-balanced mixture of protein, fats and carbohydrates for lunch, and a protein-rich meal in the evening. This avoids insulin peaks, keeps you feeling suitably full between meals, and improves your metabolism – as long as you avoid snacking. MONAD will keep track of servings of individual content, and tell the User when they are using a food group more than the recommended amount. Could also add a feature based on recommendation of foods which are in season.

MONAD will also suggest recommended times to eat, placing Suggested (translucent) Event Wedges at appropriate times around the dial. Each Suggested Event Wedge has a Suggested Event Page associated with it, where specific suggestions regarding content can be listed. If you record an Eat Event before the Scheduled Eat Event, then the remaining scheduled Eat Events will be adjusted to account for the change. If you choose to Eat at the suggested time, you can “Accept” the Suggested Event Wedge and it turns from translucent to opaque like an ordinary Event Wedge. If you don’t Accept the Suggested Event Wedge as the Hour Hand passes through it, it will disappear and new Suggested Event Wedges will appear. A fairly simple algorithm can be designed to account for this behavior.

Chronofasting: Show a recommended break of 4 – 5 hours between meals, and at least 12 hours between dinner and breakfast. Offer recommended eating patterns include Intermittent fasting 16:8 version, where you eat less than 3 meals within 8 hours, with last meal 8 hours before midnight. Also 18:6 version and 20:4 version.

Subcategory: [Drink]
Start. End.
[People] – Select from contacts.
[Place] – Select from restaurants.
[Description] – Select item from menu. (Water. Tea. Coffee. Soda. Alcohol.)
Amount. Adjust ounce-slider.
[ $ ] – Pay for drink.

Subcategory: [Drug]
Start. End.
[People] – Select from contacts.
[Place] – Select from place.
[Description] – Select item from menu.
1) Stimulants. Cocaine, Amphetamines, Ritilin, Cylert, Caffeine.
2) Inhalants. Glue. paint thinner, gasoline, laughing gas, aerosol sprays.
3) Cannabinoids. Hashish. Marijuana.
4) Depressants. Barbiturates, benzodiazepines, GHB, methaqualone, alcohol, tranquilizers.
5) Opioids. Codeine, fentanyl, heroin, morphine, opium, oxycodone, hydorcodone.
6) Steroids.
7) Hallucinogens. LSD, Mescaline, Psilocybin, Mushrooms.
8) Prescription Medications.
[ $ ] – Pay for drug.

Chronopharmacology: The Apple Health app has a section of Health Records that includes “Medications.” Could sample this data to suggest recommended times to take Meds, placing suggested (translucent) Event Wedges at appropriate times around the dial based on principles of Chronopharmacology.

Tobacco. Cigarette. Need some easy way to record a cigarette with an Event Wedge or Event Icon that shows up “on top of” other event wedges. And the Event Page associated with the cigarette Event Icon would show accumulative number of cigarettes smoked per day.


Subcategories: [Exercise], [Labor], [Sex], [Music], [Dance], [Drive], [Shop], [Hunt], [Gather].
Includes Steps, which are recorded and distributed around the number dial automatically.

Subcategory: [ ]
Start. End.
[People] – Select from contacts.
[Place] – Select from place.
[Description] – Select item from menu. Select from a list of Exercise apps.

Breathing apps have a lot of utility here. Offer reminders to stop for a moment and focus on breath. User sets frequency of reminders throughout day and range of hours. Could recommend nadi breathing if disruption of swara demonstrated.

At least one Suggested Exercise Event Wedge will be placed per day, at a time selected by the User. If the User doesn’t Accept the Event, then it gets moved to later in the day. The number of accumulated Steps would also factor into the need for and intensity of the Suggested Exercise Wedge. And the type of Suggested exercise and level of intensity would change based on proximity to Sun set.

Start a Move Subcategory Event Wedge, then select from a list of exercise apps that collect data, and MONAD summarizes that data on the Event Page in reference to the particular app.

Icons: [ $ ], [Cig], [Breath],


Subcategories: Passive: [Read], [Watch], [Talk], [Meditate]. Active: [Write], [Create], [Business],

Subcategory: [ ]
Start. End.
[People] – Select from contacts.
[Place] – Select from place.
[Description] – Select item from menu. Select from a list of Mindfulness apps.

Start a Think Subcategory Event Wedge, then select from a list of Mindfulness apps that collect data, and MONAD summarizes that data on the Event Page in reference to the particular app. Recording the number and distribution of the repetition of a mindfulness Mantra would be another useful exercise.

At least one Suggested Mindfulness Wedge activity will be placed on the dial. If you don’t complete the activity, you will be reminded the next day.

Icons: [Mantra], [Prayer], [Meditation],

3) Add Menstrual Tracker associated with the Moon.

The Moon advances approximately 12º per day. At the onset of menses, Start the Moon Tracker, which marks the segment of the lunar circle occupied by the menses, and can be displayed as 6 concentric circles as a summary. (Stiff competition from the Clue app. Might be able to use their data to automatically generate the Lunar Tracker.)

4) Add Summary Screens.

Summary per day, and summary per week, including:
Sleep hours.
Chronotype degrees (minutes & hours) either side of noon.
Number meals + snacks per day.
Body Weight per day. Keep track of other vital statistics.
Content of meals (based on 6 food groups and servings).
If qualify for chronofast. Longest duration between meals. 16:8. 18:6. 20:4.
Elapsed time from last meal/snack to breakfast.
Number drinks. Amount of water.
Number Steps per day.
Subcategory summaries. (Writing, Reading, Working, Exercise, etc.)
Record of books read, movies watched.

5) Add Weather Screen.

4 Category buttons at the bottom of Screen: EARTH = Ice/Snow; WATER = rain; AIR = Wind; FIRE = Lightning & Thunder. Subcategories are glyphs. Records temperature changes at the baseline. Make it possible to import local weather reports prepared by others. Takes place on an unfurling blue background for the sky; dark at night. This parallel environmental history will be interesting to compare to personal history and see how weather impacts mood and other personal events.